Wednesday, February 16, 2005
15 February 2005
Women in the Arab Media
by Susannah Tarbush
One only has to look at the media in Saudi Arabia or any other Middle Eastern country to see the increasing presence of women both as media professionals and as a focus of media interest.
The book “Women and Media in the Middle East: Power Through Self-Expression,” recently published by I B Tauris of London, is a major contribution to the study and evaluation of this development.
The book consists of 11 chapters edited by Dr Naomi Sakr, who teaches at the University of Westminster’s School of Media, Arts and Design. Dr Sakr is author of the prize-winning book “Satellite Realms: Transnational Television, Globalization and the Middle East.”
The chapters are informative, thoughtful and eminently readable. In the opening chapter, Sakr gives an overview of the Women-Media Interaction in the Middle East, taking as her starting point the increasing media involvement of women in Saudi Arabia. Never one to take things at face value, Sakr probes behind appearances to examine the political decisions and policy changes related to women’s enhanced media profile.
Sakr explains that the authors of the various chapters explore how different media have been used at different times and in different places to open up possibilities for women or to restrict them.
Gholam Khiabany and Annabelle Sreberny write on the women’s press in contemporary Iran, and Haya al-Mughni and Mary Ann Tetreault contribute a chapter on women and the press in Kuwait.
Women in Egypt were involved earlier and more deeply in the media than those in any other Arab country. Sonia Dabbous examines women’s rights and women’s journalism in pre-1952 Egypt, and Lina Khatib writes on women as tools of political nationalism in Egyptian political cinema. Sahar Khamis investigates Egyptian rural women’s readings of televised literacy campaigns.
Input on North Africa comes from Zahia Smail Slahi in a chapter on Maghrebi women film-makers. The Palestinian scene is covered by Benaz Somiry-Batrawi in her chapter “Echoes: Gender and Media Challenges in Palestine.” Victoria Firmo-Fontan provides a case study of Lebanon’s Al-Manar TV and the Hezbollah Women’s Association. Deborah L Wheeler weighs up the “blessing and curses” for women of the internet revolution in the Arab World.
In her chapter “Straddling Cultures: Arab Women Journalists at Home and Abroad” Magda Abu-Fadil, Director of the Institute for Professional Journalists at the Lebanese American University in Beirut, profiles seven remarkable Lebanese women journalists. They include Octavia Nasr, senior editor for Arab affairs at CNN, Raghida Dergham, senior diplomatic correspondent in New York for the pan-Arab daily Al-Hayat and Samia Nakhoul, bureau chief of Reuters in the Gulf.
Abu-Fadil writes that Arab women reporters and editors privately admit that they face harassment on the job. “Jealousy by co-workers from both sexes is no different from western models, with the added disadvantage that male colleagues in Arab corporations (who have less experience of working with women in senior positions) may tend to be more chauvinistic and patronizing.”
Tuesday, February 15, 2005
15 February 2005
by Susannah Tarbush
Before the Greek musician Matthaios Tsahourides came to Goldsmiths College, London University, to study ethnomusicology few people in Britain had heard the haunting sound of the Pontic lyra, a stringed instrument which is played in with a bow..
The Pontic lyra, which is played in an upright position, originated in the Pontos region near the Black Sea in Turkey. When Greeks left the Pontos area in the 1924 exchange of population, they took their music and their lyra to Greece with them.
Tsahourides brought to Britain his mastery of this most expressive of instruments, and has thrilled live, radio and recorded-music audiences. He has played in a variety of musical line-ups including Ensemble Bakhtar founded by his PhD supervisor Professor John Baily of Goldsmiths, which performs Afghan music.
He performs regularly with Greek singer Athena Andreadis’s group, and with his brother Konstantinos, a talented singer and musician who is also at Goldsmiths. The brothers come from a musical family: their grandfather taught Matthaios to play the Pontic lyra at the age of nine.
At Goldsmiths, Tsahourides has developed new playing techniques, and has carried out comparative studies on the Iranian kamancheh and the Afghan ghichak.
Now Tsahourides’s musicianship has won major mainstream recognition in the form of an Arts Foundation fellowship. He faced tough competition from the two other musicians shortlisted in the instrumentalist category: the Syrian qanoun player Abdullah Chhadeh and the Indian sitar player Sheema Mukherjee.
At the awards ceremony held in West London a few evenings ago, Tsahourides was awarded the £10,000 prize by the guest of honour, the musician and record producer Brian Eno. Fellowships were also awarded in four other categories; choreography, new media art, costume design and curating.
The Arts Foundation was set up in 1990 by the then chairman of the Arts Council, Lord Palumbo, after an anonymous benefactor bequeathed £1 million to the Arts Council. The Arts Foundation administers the money, and so far 73 artists have been awarded fellowships in fields as diverse as opera composition, lighting design, ceramics, painting and documentary making.
The chairman of the Arts Foundation’s board of trustees William Sieghart said: “We have given away £800,000 to artists but thanks to the joys of the banking system we still have £800,00 or more in the bank. And fingers crossed, we’ll be able to do this for many years to come.”
Eno expressed particular pleasure that the fellowships programme recognises culture as a wide area, unlike the narrow focus of some other prizes. Each year the categories of awards change, and Eno was amused to learn that in the past there have been awards for circus (the winner was a female clown from Brazil) and thriller writing.
At the end of the awards ceremony, Shelley Warren of the Arts Foundation announced that next year’s awards will be in the categories of painting, jazz composition, comedy writing, performance poetry and furniture design.